A new episode of the Madison presidency series is now available!
Nov. 21, 2021

3.38 – Electioneering

3.38 – Electioneering

Year(s) Discussed: 1806-1808

As the 1808 presidential election neared, the infighting in the Democratic-Republican faction was exacerbated by not one but two challengers to Secretary of State James Madison’s candidacy – Vice President George Clinton and former US Minister to Britain James Monroe. Meanwhile, Napoleon’s constant wars in Europe continued to impact US foreign policy, and the Jefferson administration began a new round of negotiations with British envoy George Rose to seek a resolution to the crisis precipitated by the Chesapeake-Leopard incident while working out how to effectively enforce the Embargo Act.


Special thanks to Alycia of the Civics & Coffee Podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Christian of Your Podcast Pal for his audio editing assistance with this episode!

The transcript for this episode can be found here.

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • Asai, Alycia. “Banning the Trade, Not the Practice.” Civics & Coffee. 2 October 2021. https://www.civicsandcoffee.com/banning-the-trade-not-the-practice. [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Balinky, Alexander. Albert Gallatin: Fiscal Theories and Policies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1958.
  • Bell, J L. “Alexander Kerr and ‘the late distressing affair.’” Boston 1775. 28 Mar 2018. https://boston1775.blogspot.com/2018/03/alexander-kerr-and-late-distressing.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Brant, Irving. “Election of 1808.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 185-221.
  • Crackel, Theodore J. Jefferson’s Army: Political and Social Reform of the Military Establishment, 1801-1809. New York and London: New York University Press, 1987.
  • Dorre, Howard, and Jessica Dorre. “Thomas Jefferson’s Deadly Lust for Wool.” Plodding Through the Presidents. 31 August 2021. https://www.ploddingthroughthepresidents.com/2021/08/thomas-jeffersons-deadly-lust-for-wool.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Hilt, Douglas. The Troubled Trinity: Goody and the Spanish Monarchs. Tuscaloosa, AL and London: University of Alabama Press, 1987.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To James Madison, 27 April 1795,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-28-02-0258. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 28, 1 January 1794 – 29 February 1796, ed. John Catanzariti. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000, pp. 338–340.] [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Sixth Annual Message, 2 Dec 1806.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley. The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202839. [Last Accessed: 12 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Charles Thomson, 11 January 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7186. [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Mann Randolph, 26 January 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7278. [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Alexander Kerr, 7 February 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7364. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Johnson, David. John Randolph of Roanoke. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.
  • Kaminski, John P. George Clinton: Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1993.
  • Kerr, Alexander. “To Thomas Jefferson, 4 April 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7784. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War, 1805-1812: England and the United States. Berkeley, CA; Los Angeles, CA; and London: University of California Press, 1974 (1961)
  • Reiff, Jennie. “Thomas Jefferson’s Deadly Sheep.” Presidentress. 30 June 2016. http://www.presidentress.com/2016/06/thomas-jeffersons-killer-sheep.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].
  • Spivak, Burton. Jefferson’s English Crisis: Commerce, Embargo, and the Republican Revolution. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1979.
  • Tucker, Spencer C.; and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.
  • Urofsky, Melvin I. A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States, Volume I: To 1877. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1988.
  • US Congress. “An Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves into any Port or Place Within the Jurisdiction of the United States, From and After the First Day of January, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eight.” The Avalon Project, Yale University. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/sl004.asp. [Last Accessed: 8 Oct 2021]

Featured Image: “James Madison” by Gilbert Stuart [c. 1805-1807], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band