A new episode of the Madison presidency series is now available!
Sept. 29, 2019

3.04 – A Deadly Revenge

3.04 – A Deadly Revenge

Year(s) Discussed: 1801

Literally and figuratively, the new President worked to get his house in order following his inauguration. With a limited number of positions available and plans to shrink the size of the federal government even further, Jefferson set ground rules for his new administration to determine whether to retain Federalist office holders or oust them in favor of Democratic-Republicans. Despite a nod towards non-partisanship, Jefferson’s decisions were criticized by members of both parties.


Special thanks to Moxie of the Your Brain on Facts podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode!

  • Appleby, Joyce. Thomas Jefferson. New York: Times Books, 2003.
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • Cassell, Frank A. Merchant Congressman in the Young Republic: Samuel Smith of Maryland, 1752-1839. Madison, WI; Milwaukee, WI; and London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1971.
  • Dangerfield, George. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston of New York, 1746-1813. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1960.
  • Fischer, David Hackett. The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.
  • Gallatin, Albert. “To Thomas Jefferson, 14 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0235. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 275–277.] [Last Accessed: 20 Aug 2019]
  • Hunt, Gaillard. “Office-Seeking during Jefferson’s Administration.” American Historical Review. 3:2 [Jan 1898] 270-291.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Robert R. Livingston, 24 February 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0058. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 61.] [Last Accessed: 20 Aug 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Philippe de Létombe, 5 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0140. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 181.] [Last Accessed: 17 Aug 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 8 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0177. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 219–220.] [Last Accessed: 15 Aug 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Samuel Smith, 9 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0189. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 234.] [Last Accessed: 8 Sep 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To William Findley, 24 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0367. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 427–428.] [Last Accessed: 22 Aug 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Samuel Smith, 24 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0378. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 438–439.] [Last Accessed: 8 Sep 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Samuel Smith, 26 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0398. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 456.] [Last Accessed: 9 Sep 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Benjamin Stoddert, 30 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0434. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 502.] [Last Accessed: 9 Sep 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Langdon, 23 May 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-34-02-0133. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 34, 1 May–31 July 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007, pp. 172–173.] [Last Accessed: 8 Sep 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the New Haven Merchants, 12 July 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-34-02-0425. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 34, 1 May–31 July 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007, pp. 554–558.] [Last Accessed: 17 Aug 2019]
  • “JONES, William, (1760-1831).” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000258. [Last Accessed: 9 Sep 2019]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2018-2019. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • “LANGDON, John, (1741-1819).” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000067. [Last Accessed: 9 Sep 2019]
  • Livingston, Robert R. “To Thomas Jefferson, 12 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0215. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, p. 255.] [Last Accessed: 20 Aug 2019]
  • “LIVINGSTON, Robert R.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000372. [Last Accessed: 21 Aug 2019]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President First Term, 1801-1805: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Four. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1970.
  • McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.
  • Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 3 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0108. Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 126–128.] [Last Accessed: 17 Aug 2019]
  • Nettels, Curtis P. The Emergence of a National Economy: The Economic History of the United States, Volume II. White Plains, NY: M E Sharpe Inc, 1962.
  • New-York Evening Post. 8 Jul 1802. NYS Historic Newspapers. New York University. http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83030385/1802-07-08/ed-1/seq-3/ [Last Accessed: 18 Sep 2019]
  • Paullin, Charles Oscar. Paullin’s History of Naval Administration, 1775-1911. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1968.
  • Seale, William. The President’s House: A History, Volume One. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1986.
  • Smith, Samuel. “To Thomas Jefferson, 17 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0287. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 339–340.] [Last Accessed: 8 Sep 2019]
  • “THURSDAY,March 5, 1801.” Senate Executive Journal. Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?hlaw:3:./temp/~ammem_J3a7:: [Last Accessed: 21 Aug 2019]
  • White, Leonard D. The Federalists: A Study in Administrative History. New York: Macmillan Co, 1948.
  • White, Leonard D. The Jeffersonians: A Study in Administrative History 1801-1829. New York: The Macmillan Co, 1956 [1951].

Featured Image: “Pierpont Edwards,” courtesy of Wikipedia


Featured Image: “Elizur Goodrich,” printed in The Connecticut Quarterly, Jul/Aug/Sep 1898, courtesy of Wikipedia